Around Yogyakarta: Kota Gede and Mt. Dieng
Post on 2016-09-06 | Indonesia
By S. Kramer
Kota Gede is small regency on the outskirt of Yogyakarta Central Java Indonesia. The name means the big city. The area was chosen by Sunan Kalijaga (an Islamic leader) as the site for Mataram, the first Javanese Islamic kingdom in the 16th century. It was a transition time from previously Hindu Buddhist kingdoms of Demak and Pajang to the Islamic era in Java. Historical remnant of Mataram can be seen in the old Javanese style houses and part of the city thick walls and motts around the city. The flourishing trades from the old settlement in the past that are still carried on by the present generations like silver craft, leather carving and weaving can still be found in many parts of Kotagedhe.
Panembahan Senapati the first king of Mataram, coronated 1579 AD died 1601 AD
Mataram Kingdom Royal Cemeteryentrance gate
One interesting object to visit in Kotagedhe is the Royal Cemetery. The Hindu influence can still be seen on the architectural design of the Royal cemetery. It is the burial site for the royal family members of Mataram, including the first king Panembahan Senapati, who died in 1601 AD. The most unique part of this cemetery is the graveyard of Senapati’s son in-law, Ki Ageng Mangir. He was an opposition leader fighting against the king’s power but conquered and killed at the site when he came to pay respect to the king after being persuaded to marry the king’s daughter. His graveyard was half inside and half outside the wall. Senapati’s descendant, Sultan Agung, ascended to the throne and brought Java to its golden Era. To visit the Royal cemetery, visitors have to dress in Javanese traditional clothes and are not allowed to wear gold jewelries.
About 3 hours drive from the city of Yogyakarta in central Java Indonesia, to the north via Magelang and Temanggung, and then turn west to Wonosobo, the scenic route will take us to the Dieng Mountain area. The view along the route passing Mt. Merapi with its rising smoke on top and Mt. Merbabu on the backdrop, followed by Mt. Sindoro and Sumbing soon after, is simply breathtaking. At Kledung pass, which is a valley between Mt. Sindoro and Mt. Sumbing, we can stop and visit a tea plantation and flower garden.
My childhood bus trip to my grandfather’s village at the foot of Dieng Mountain was one of the most memorable holiday trips I could remember. Just right below the coffee plantation surrounding my grandfather’s home is the Serayu River with its crystal clear frigid water. I used to play in this river and had a relaxing bath in Kali Anget (warm water) natural hot spring with my cousins.
When I took my family to visit Dieng Plateau, however, the experience was different. We learned more about the geological formation and volcanic activities of these complex volcanoes. Dieng Plateau is actually a collection of spatially and genetically related volcanic centers with their lava flows and pyroclastic rocks. The large depression of the plateau is about 14 km long and 6 km wide. The caldera was estimated to be older than 16,000 years. We have to exercise caution and stay in the safe accessible area when visiting Dieng extensive volcanic complex because it is an active volcano complex with mud pots and bubbling lava in many places.
Kawah si Banteng (the Buffalo Crater) is one of the largest among several cones in the caldera. On the east side, a sulfur field that vents gases and boiling mud pots is Kawah si Kidang (the Deer Crater ). We could access Kawah si Kidang and boiled some eggs in the mud pots.
Cooking eggs in the bubbling mud
The bubbling water temperature is around 80 degree Celsius at maximum. Telaga Warna (colour lake) is another accessible spot that we could visit. It is a lake with gas bubbles rising to the surface within a low relief cone. Another similar low relief cone type of lake, telaga Merdada is located near Dieng village. The steep cliff bordering the village might be the old caldera rim at the northeast part of the volcanoes complex. A good way to view the breathtaking sunrise is by climbing Kawah si Kunir before dawn.
Historically, the name Dieng came from Di Hyang which means the Abode of Gods because on this mountain area you can find the remnant of an 8th century Hindu Shiva temples called Arjuna. It consists of several small separate temples. According to history, there were once 400 temples on the plateau.
However, the many volcanic eruptions have destroyed most of them. Some eruptions were recorded in the year of 1375, 1786, 1826, 1827, and the most recent one was in 1979 phreatic eruptions on Sinila Crater spewing poisonous carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide gases that killed many villagers at Sinila Crater. Now the government has tried to harvest the geothermal energy for electricity in the central and eastern part of the complex. A diorama museum displaying the history of Dieng was recently built for the visitors.
The volcanic ashes from the mountains give the area a fertile land for farming and horticulture. Potatoes and all kinds of vegetables are the common crops beside tobacco. The land is also suitable for coffee and tea plantations. Tambi tea plantation is one of them that you can visit on the way down the mountain. Visiting the local market in the town of Wonosobo is a good way to sample the rich local cuisines and delicacy like Mie Ongklok, Ketan Biru, Widaran or Dendeng TV. Carica is a delicious fruit from the area, a kind of Papaya with a flavor of passion fruit. But if you miss your home made French fries, you can always try to visit Surya Restaurant in Wonosobo.
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